Vienna Underground – A brief History
People transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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