Vienna Underground – A brief History
People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to U2 Wien.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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