Vienna Underground – A quick History
The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to tunnel boring machine.
The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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