Vienna Underground – A quick History
The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to U Bahn Plan Wien.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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