Vienna Underground – A quick History
The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U-Bahn.
The midst of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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