Vienna Underground – A Short History
The public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien Metro.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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