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Vienna Underground – A Short History

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by February 14, 2018 Writing and Speaking

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.

The midst of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The jobs from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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