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Vienna Underground – A Short History

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by February 14, 2018 Writing and Speaking

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the following years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to U-Bahn Wien.

The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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