Vienna Underground – A Short History
The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Metro Wien.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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